New State Laws Effective Today

New State Laws Effective Today

Ag bill was only major appropriation bill signed by Gov. Dayton during the regular session.

All but one of the major appropriation bills that would have taken effect today, July 1, were vetoed by the governor. However, several bills passed during the 2011 legislative session will take effect today.

By early July, summaries of all laws passed by the 2011 Legislature during its regular session will be available online from nonpartisan House Public Information Services at www.house.leg.state.mn.us/hinfo/Newlaws2011-0.asp.

AGRICULTURE

Agriculture funding law includes final ethanol payments

More than $13.7 million in expected final ethanol producer payments will be distributed over the next year, ending a 1980s program to incentivize farmers to grow corn for biofuel, according to a new law.

The new law also authorizes funding for research and innovation for switching from corn to cellulosic materials, such as perennial plants, in order to produce bioenergy.

The omnibus agriculture and rural development finance law, sponsored by Rep. Rod Hamilton (R-Mountain Lake) and Sen. Doug Magnus (R-Slayton), is the only major appropriation bill to receive the governor's approval during the regular session.

The new law will allocate nearly $79 million during the next two years to fund the Department of Agriculture, the Board of Animal Health and the Agricultural Utilization Research Institute.

Two year appropriations to protect agricultural investments include:

• $776,000 to fund staff for the Agricultural Chemical Response and Reimbursement Program, which is funded through a fertilizer and pesticide surcharge and used to clean-up accidental spills;

• $150,000 to compensate farmers for livestock killed or injured by a gray wolf, plus the same amount to compensate them for crop damages caused by elk; and

• a one-time $490,000 appropriation to catch up with an estimated 40 percent backlog of food handling inspections at convenience stores, grocers and other retail outlets.

Grant programs are funded to develop and market locally grown products for retail sale. Annual cost-share payments will also be available to those who seek certification status as an organic farmer.

Other grant appropriations will support ongoing efforts of the dairy industry, Northern Crops Institute, Livestock Breeders Association, Minnesota Poultry Association and other agriculture-related organizations.

The Board of Animal Health, which manages prevention and eradication of animal disease outbreaks such as chronic wasting disease or bovine tuberculosis, will receive $4.8 million each year during the next biennium.

AURI is being funded at $2.6 million each of the next two years. The institute is an agricultural research organization that provides scientific and technical assistance to Minnesota industries and entrepreneurs. It has offices in Crookston, Marshall and Waseca.

Policy changes in the law include allowing farmers to bury concrete and rebar from a former structure in their land. The solid waste burial must be recorded within 90 days with the county and show the boundary of the burial location.

EDUCATION

School bus transportation changes made

The education commissioner must develop and maintain a list of school bus safety training instruction materials. This is part of a new law that will make it easier for students who attend area learning centers and those requiring lift buses on field trips to get to school or participate in activities.

ENVIRONMENT

Non-residents required to purchase state trail pass

A new state trail pass will be required for non-residents who want to ride off-road vehicles on state trails. The annual $20 pass must be visible while riding. Three-year passes will be available for $30. Fees collected will go into the off-road vehicle account for trail maintenance costs.

As of July 1, children ages 12-17 can operate a Class 1 ATV, but any single passenger must be the person's parent or legal guardian.

PUBLIC SAFETY

Ignition interlock required for some drunk drivers

With the goal of keeping people who drink and drive off state roadways, a new law requires use of an ignition interlock device in some instances. It also provides a way for people with a B-Card license to get the restriction removed.

Under the law, repeat DWI offenders and first-time offenders whose alcohol concentration is at least double the legal limit will have to use an ignition interlock device to drive legally in the state. The law is a statewide expansion of a successful pilot program in Hennepin and Beltrami counties.

An ignition interlock device is installed in motor vehicles to prevent them from being started if a driver's breath exceeds a preset breath-alcohol content limit, which will be 0.02 percent. A driver will also have to breathe into the device at certain times once the vehicle is started. If a driver fails a test, the vehicle will shut down. Device features deter others from starting the vehicle, and a misdemeanor penalty is provided for someone tampering with the device, except for emergency purposes or repair. A misdemeanor penalty also applies for someone who knowingly lets a person requiring ignition interlock to operate a vehicle without the device.

Under the law, first-time offenders whose alcohol concentration is below twice the legal limit will have a choice of getting a limited license, as is in current law, or getting full driving privileges provided they use the ignition interlock device.

Source: Minnesota House of Representatives

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